What Are the Most Common Types of Cosmetic Ingredients?

Cosmetics are comprised of a complex mixture of different chemical substances derived either from natural resources or synthetically produced ones. The term ‘cosmetics’ is also used in a broader context, encompassing beauty products that do not pertain to medicines or foods. Thus, cosmetics include lipstick, eye shadow, blush, hair spray, facial wash, lotion, make-up, and other such similar items. These are used by both men and women for the purpose of enhancing their appearance.

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Cosmetics have become a major source of revenue for beauty product manufacturers, with sales of branded cosmetics in America estimated to be in the region of $60 billion dollars annually. With increased usage of various chemicals in cosmetics, the scope for allergic reaction and contamination is rising. Moreover, the large use of parabens as an ingredient in many popular brands has also raised many questions among the public. These worries have resulted in a move towards natural or organic cosmetics, especially for those consumers who are concerned about health and safety

One emerging concept in the field of cosmetics is the ‘nanotechnology’. This describes the application of small particles to the human body, to promote repair of skin tissues and to improve the skin’s moisture content. Nanotechnology is being successfully used in the manufacture of proteins, enzymes and other ingredients that are required in the manufacturing of cosmetics. In fact, the small size of these particles makes them invisible to the naked human eye.

An example of this innovative approach is represented by nano-lipobelle H EQ10. It is a lipobelle H-EQ10 that is smaller than a wavelength of visible light, which is why it is invisible to the naked eye. The smallness of the particle makes it very effective in enhancing the skin’s moisture content. This is achieved by attracting water into the cell walls, where it is needed for collagen and elastin formation. The cosmetic companies are using nanoparticles in their cosmetics and skin care products, for the same purpose – to attract moisture into the cell walls of the skin. This will ensure a prolonged effect on the skin’s appearance.

There are other uses of these types of ingredients in cosmetics and skin care products. For example, some manufacturers use color additives like ferric peroxide to whiten the skin, thereby making it appear brighter and whiter. Other color additives include pVP/PVC, which are a type of polyvinyl ester color additive, and dyes. However, most color additives are not used in cosmetics because they can be harmful to the skin.

Examples of synthetic thickeners include glycerin, which are derived from sugar cane; emollients like petrolatum; and mineral oil, which come from the plants. Glycerin and petrolatum are often included in creams and lotions, while mineral oil is often added to moisturizers. Some manufacturers claim that glycerin improves the texture of the skin, and petrolatum acts as an effective barrier to moisture. On the other hand, synthetic thickeners can cause dermatitis if they are used too frequently or for a long time. Examples of moisturizing agents include aloe vera and argireline.